Tag Archives: church

History of Hamilton County, Ohio – Squatter Life

History of Hamilton County Ohio

Squatter life was marked with great sociability, independence, with many privations and hardships. The furniture of their log-cabin homes was made with an axe, a drawing-knife, and an auger. Nails and glass were unknown in the construction of their humble but happy homes. Their doom were hung with wooden hinges, and oiled paper answered for glass. A mush-pot and a skillet served for kitchen utensils; the knives, forks, and spoons brought from the old settlements, with cups made by hand or gathered from the gourd vines adorned their tables.

Their subsistence was secured from the rivers and the forests, and the truck patch cultivated with a hoe, producing an abundant crop of corn, potatoes, beans and pumpkins. In the spring of the year they luxuriated on wild onions fried in opossum fat and omelets made of wild turkey eggs, accompanied by delicious beverage known as spice-wood tea. The sugar-tree supplied them with sap; but for the want of kettles they manufactured but limited supplies of sugar and molasses. When ket: ties were obtained (brought to the North Bend on fiat-boats from Redstone, Old Fort, and bartered for buckskins, venison and peltries), the sugar and molasses made in the spring supplies them through the year, and the surplus was exchanged for goods at the traders’ stores at the Bend, or Fort Washington. In these squatter times when kettles had been obtained, salt, a very scarce and necessary article, was manufactured at the “lick” a mile west of where Elizabethtown now stands. The well was sixteen feet deep and the supply of salt water enabled the boilers to produce a bushel a day, which could be sold at four dollars, hot from the kettles.



When the stock brought from the old settlments was worn out, necessity compelled the hardy pioneers to depend on their wit, invention and skill in producing the clothing needed. The skins and furs of wild animals, especially the deer and raccoon, supplied the men with caps, pants, and fringed hunting shirts, and both sexes with moccasins. Cotton seed obtained from Kentucky and planted in their truck patches, afforded a valuable fiber manufactured by the use of hand-cards, spinning-wheels and the loom, furnished, with the help of flax, the material to replenish the wardrobe of these noble wives and daughters. In these early times the wild nettle, which grew luxuriantly and abundantly in the river bottoms, whose fiber was almost equal to hemp, was utilized and manufactured into a coarse linen suitable for use. The nettle, five to seven feet high, falling to the earth, would rot the stock during the winter and in the spring would be gathered and prepared for the spinning-wheel and the loom. Mrs. GUARD, the wife of Alexander GUARD, during one season manufactured two hundred yards of this nettle cloth, which answered a very good purpose in meeting the wants of her large family. At the pioneer meeting, in Hunt’s Grove in 1869, Dr. Walter Clark exhibited a well preserved specimen of this nettie cloth.

In 1799 Rev. M. Lower, an itinerant preacher, found his way to these squatter homes, and for several years visited the locality–a welcome servant of God, laboring earnestly for the moral and religious interests of the people. The first regularly appointed circuit rider who preached, and in 1806 organized a class, was Rev. W. Oglesby. The house of Alexander GUARD was the preaching place, and there the first religious society in the township was formed.


St. Nicholas of Wilden & Albert Panchaud

St Nicholas Church

St. Nicholas Church, Wilden, Bedfordshire, England

The Church of England’s St. Nicholas at Wilden was built around 1200 AD and is built in the Gothic style of stone. The church consists of chancel, nave, south porch and a tower which holds three bells. The church is located in the small parish of Wilden in the county of Bedforeshire, England.

Earliest mention of the church is 1231 when it was in the King’s gift. In 1291 the living was valued at £13. 6s. 8d. The earliest church records date to the year 1545 and the following is the known list of rectors for Wilden St. Nicholas.

  • Nicholas de Breaut – 1222
  • Peter Ridel – 1237
  • Simon de Pabenham – 1246
  • Robert de Bueles – 1264
  • Malcolm de Harlye – 1273
  • Simon de Pavenham – 1298
  • John de Pabenham – 1321
  • Edmund de Pavenham – 1343
  • Robert Braybrok – 1361
  • Robert de Eston – 1362
  • William de Lokyngton – 1373
  • John Amy – 1375
  • John Seward – 1412
  • Thomas Gyles – 1416
  • Thomas Bylman – 1421
  • Richard Elstowe – 1456
  • Thomas Mychel – 1456
  • William Brande – 1472
  • Richard Kirkby – 1505
  • John Phillips – 1571
  • Walter Atkins – 1577
  • Richard Worsley – 1579
  • Francis Dillingham – 1600
  • Jasper Fisher – 1624
  • Thomas Watson – 1643
  • Thomas Rolt – 1657
  • John Nodes – 1695
  • Robert Paradine – 1718
  • Thomas Holme – 1742
  • William Fisher – 1747
  • Robert Holt Butcher – 1774
  • Edward Emily – 1779
  • Samuel Kent – 1781
  • William Morris – 1784
  • William Morris – 1806
  • John Vaux Moore – 1822
  • William Shove Chalk -1835
  • Richard Gregory Chalk – 1849
  • Edward W. Jones -1899
  • Robert Davies – 1905
  • John R. Pullan – 1907
  • Reginald Paddick – 1927
  • Albert L. Panchaud – 1931
  • Richard C. Chalk – 1941
  • Signey W. Golding – 1946
  • William R. Peverley – 1954
  • Leonard B. Impson – 1962
  • David Lewthwaite – 1975
  • Lawrence Griffith – 1980
  • John Heffer – 1988
  • Robin Rogers – 1992
  • Sheila Morton – 2008

Father Edmund de Pavenham survived the plague in which many victims were buried in a pit between the church and South Brook. And another famous rector, Francis Dillingham (1600-1624), was a translator of the authorized version, King James, of the Bible. He was buried at Wilden but no memorial or trace of the grave has been found.

Albert L Panchaud

The Reverend Albert Louis Panchaud, 1877-1941

My great uncle Albert Louis PANCHAUD was rector of St. Nicholas from 1932 until his death in 1941.

The Bedford Times

June 13, 1941 page 5


Loss to Two Bedfordshire Parishes

The funeral took place at Wilden Parish Church on Saturday of the Rev. Albert Louis Panchaud, late Rector of Wilden and Vicar of Ravensden, who died on 3rd June at the age of sixty-five years at St. Veryan, near Truro, Cornwall.

Mr. Panchaud was trained for the Ministry at the St. Aidan’s Clergy Training Hotel, Ballarat, Australia.  Ordained Deacon in 1904 and Priest the following year by the Bishop of Ballarat, he worked in the Church of Australia for six years.  He was for two years in India, and was teaching in England for five years, being for some time Head Master of Oak House School, Axminster, Somerset.  In 1918 he was in Egypt and Palestine.  Returning to England in 1919, he became Assistant Curate of Furneaux Pelham, Hertfordshire.  The next year he went to Throcking, Hertfordshire, as Rector, where he stayed until 1931.

Mr. Panchaud became Rector of Wilden and Vicar of Ravensden in 1931 and resigned last November because of ill-health.  He was popular in his parishes, had a good influence over young people, and took a great pride in the upkeep and beautifying of the churches.  Until he went to Cornwall three weeks ago, he had been residing at Home Farm, Ravensden.


A large and representative congregation from Wilden and Ravensden attended the funeral, the following clergy being present: The Rev. E. Fisher, Rector of Little Staughton, who read the opening Sentences; the Rev J. Luxford, Curate-in-Charge of Wilden and Ravensden, who read the Lesson; the Rev. H. F. D. Wynne, Rector of Colmworth, who said the Prayers in church; the Rev. W. G. Gould, Rector of Pertenhall, who read the Sentences at the graveside; and the Rural Dean, the Rev. J. Paulson, Vicar of Riseley, who said the Committal.  Miss M. Harrison was at the organ, and the choir was present.  The late Rector’s favourite hymns, “Jesu, lover of my soul” and “Fight the good fight,” were sung, and the Twenty-third Psalm was chanted.

Floral tributes were sent from: Brother and family, Bermuda; Clergy of Riseley Rural Deanery; Children and staff, Wilden School; Organist and choir, Wilden; Members of Ravensden P.C.C.; Hilda and Monty, Home Farm, Ravensden; Mrs. Harden and Nancy; All at Rosedale; Mr. and Mrs. Wootton and family; Miss Wiles, Bedford; Mrs. And Mrs. Whitmore and family; Mr. and Mrs. Dean and family; Mr. and Mrs. Coles and Mr. and Mrs. Draper and Mary; Mr. and Mrs. Pell; Mr. and Mrs. Filsell; Mr. and Mrs. Lovell and family; Mr. and Mrs. Pell; Mr. and Mrs. Croft and family; Friend Albert; Friend Marjorie.

The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Clarabut and Plumbe of Bedford.


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